Vincenzo Bellini (November 3, 1801—September 23, 1835) was an Italian operatic composer. Known for his attention to vocal melody, or "bel canto," Bellini produced some of the greatest works of his day: I Capuleti ed i Montecchi (1830), La sonnambula (1831), Norma (1831), and others. His life was cut short when he died at the age of 33, just nine months after the premiere of his last opera I puritani (1835).
Bellini was born in Sicily, Italy into a musical family. He sang from a young age, and it is alleged that he was began studying music theory at two, piano at three, and composing at six years old.
In 1819, he left home to study at the conservatory in Naples. Under the instruction of Nicolò Zingarelli, he studied the work of Haydn and Mozart. For one of his first major public appearances, he performed his first opera, Adelson e Salvini. His second opera, Bianca e Gernando, performed at Teatro San Carlo, was met with some success, but his next opera, Il pirata (1827), was the one to put his name on the map. It also marked the beginning of his collaboration with librettist and poet Felice Romani. Some of the most important operas the two composed together included I Capuleti e i Montecchi (1830), La sonnambula (1831; The Sleepwalker), and Norma (1831).
In 1833, Bellini went to London for a brief period. Before long, he left London for Paris, where he experienced acute inflammation of the intestine, killing him.
Bellini favored singers to their orchestral accompaniment, working with singers who could execute his works with clarity and elegance.
Bellini's work includes influence from Richard Wagner, as well as the music of Chopin and Liszt.
- Birthday Date: Monday, 03 November 2014