Thomas Mann (June 6, 1875–August 12, 1955) was a German author and activist. He wrote novels, novellas, and essays. He was particularly outspoken against Germany's Nazi regime, so he spent much of the latter half of his life in Switzerland and the United States in exile. His work was largely influenced by Friedrich Nietzsche, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, and Arthur Schopenhauer. Some of his most notable works include The Magic Mountain (1924) and the four part epic Joseph and his Brothers (written between 1926 and 1943).
Mann was born Paul Thomas Mann in Lübeck, Germany to Thomas Johann Heinrich Mann and Júlia da Silva Bruhns. His father died when he was 16, and the family moved to Munich. Mann studied for a career in journalism at Ludwig Maximillian University of Munich and Technical University of Munich.
In 1896, Mann started writing his first novel, Buddonbrooks. Mann's first short story, "Der Kleine Herr Friedemann," or "Little Mr Friedemann," was published in 1898.
Many of Mann's works had homosexual themes. In 1905, he married Katia Pringsheim and they had six children. His diaries, opened in 1975, told of his struggles with bisexuality.
In the midst of writing other novellas, his novel Death in Venice (1912) was published.
Other famous novels by Mann include Royal Highness (1916), Early Sorrow (1929), and The Magic Mountain (1924). The latter is considered to be Mann's most impressive, and it is said that it took him ten years to complete it.
In addition to many novels, Mann wrote essays on Leo Tolstoy and perceptual realism. He was deeply affected by World War I. He left Germany in 1933, and went on to spend time in France and Switzerland. After Mann made a series of anti-Nazi speeches broadcast by BBC, the German Nazi government revoked his citizenship in 1936. He moved to the United States in 1938. His anti-Nazi writings are a part of a group called the German Exilliteratur.
In 1939, he wrote Lotte in Weimar (1939), which employed Goethe's world from The Sorrows of Young Werther (1774).
Mann's style is often characterized by humor, irony, and satire. He was also highly influenced by Friedrich Nietzsche.
- Birthday Date: Friday, 06 June 2014