"I could paint for a hundred years, a thousand years without stopping and I would still feel as though I knew nothing." – Paul Cézanne
Happy Birthday Paul Cézanne!
Paul Cézanne ( January 19, 1839 – 1906) was a French Post-Impressionist painter whose work is often considered to bridge the Impressionism of the 19th century and the Cubism of the early 20th century. Cézanne's work is marked by small brushstrokes that form complex fields, and reveal the artist's intense study of each of his subjects. Both Matisse and Picasso have been attributed with saying that Cézanne "is the father of us all."
Self portrait, 1883-1887
Cézanne was born in Provence in the South of France to a wealthy family in the banking industry. His family's financial standing allowed the artist to pursue his craft with a sense of security that his peers lacked. As a child, Cézanne attended school with Émile Zola and Baptistin Baille, and the three would become known as "les trois inséparables" (the three inseparables).
Paul Alexis Reading a Manuscript to Zola, 1869-70.
Although Cézanne studied law at the University of Aix, he left for Paris to pursue his art career, against the wishes of his father. (Later, the two would reconcile and his his father would give him an inheritance that allowed him to live in comfort for the rest of his life.)
The Artist's Father, Reading "L'Événement," 1866
In Paris, Paul Cézanne became close friends with Impressionist Camille Pissarro, with whom he often collaborated. Cézanne began to develop an architectural style of painting in which he structurally ordered whatever he wished to paint into simple forms and color planes. He stated about his work, "I want to make of impressionism something solid and lasting like the art in the museums."
The Card Players, (1892-95)
Cézanne preferred to simplify naturally occurring forms into geometric essentials, "treat nature by the cylinder, the sphere, the cone." His work led him to explore binocular vision, rendering slightly different, yet simultaneous visual perceptions of the same phenomena to provide the viewer with an aesthetic experience of depth different from those of earlier ideals of perspective, in particular single-point perspective.
The Bathers, 1898–1905
The main periods of Cezanne's work include the Dark period, Paris (1861–1870),
Stillife with Bread and Eggs, 1865
The Overture to Tannhauser: The Artist's Mother and Sister (1868)
Preparation for Burial, Autopsy, 1869
Luncheon on the Grass, 1869
The Black Marble, 1869-1871
Impressionist period, Provence and Paris, (1870–1878),
View of Auvers, c. 1874
Self Portrait in Front of Pink Background, 1875
The Eternal Female, 1877
Portrait of Victor Chocquet, 1876-1877
The Fruit Pickers, 1876-1877
Mature period, Provence, (1878–1890)
Medea (nach Delacroix), 1879-1882
The Boy in the Red Vest, 1888-89
and Final period, Provence, (1890–1905).
The Basket of Apples, 1890–1894
Madame Cézanne in a Yellow Armchair, 1893-1895
Young Italian Girl, 1896
Pyramid of Skulls, 1898-1900
Sitting Farmer, 1898-1900
Forest in the Rock Caves Above the Château Noir, 1900-1904
After his death, Cézanne's studio became a monument, Atelier Paul Cézanne, or les Lauves.
Developed by designers Michael Want and Richard Kegler for the Philadelphia Museum of Art, "Cézanne" is a tyepface based on the artist's handwriting. Below, a sample of the typeface by user "Knulclunk" on Wikipedia.
- Birthday Date: Sunday, 19 January 2014